[Return to Fort Hall accounts introduction]
Instructions to Robert Evans
Fort Hall July 31st, 1834 as a gent and Partner of the Columbia
River Fishing and Trading Co. I leave you the following
instructions for your government during the time you may remain
in charge of Fort Hall
- 1st You will remain untill you are relieved by another
superintendent, or untill the expiration of your time of
service with the Co unless you are obliged to evacuate by
starvation or hostility of the Indians in either of which
cases you will endeavor to cash what goods you are obliged
to leave securely.
- 2nd In trading you will adhere to the Tariff which is annexed
and on no account deviate therefrom and you will give no
credit to any one
- 3rd You will give no supplies to any of your men unless the Co
are $20 in their debt by the acts which have been handed
you, you will be able to ascertain when this is the case
- 4th You will have the animals left here guarded by one man in
the day time and put into the Fort at night.
- 5th You will keep one centry at night on duty untill your Fort
is entirely finished and afterward and if any guard is found
asleep you will note it in your Journal and for this and
similar purposes you will keep a book in which you will
enter all remarkable occurrences.
- 6th Saddles and harness you will keep in some secure place in
order that those disposed may have as few facilities of
deserting as possible.
- 7th After my departure you will first bend your attention to
lining the Fort completely after which you will build such
buildings as are required for store houses and habitations
for the men.
- 8th If a cash should be made you will be carefull not to
communicate it to any one of the men
- 9th When goods are sold you will make memorandum of the sale in
a Book kept for the purpose entering at the same time the
articles for which they are sold and to whom
- 10th You will say to every white man and Indian that visits the
fort that we shall continue to trade new clean robes, rats
and beaver, deer, elk and antelope skins dressed, at the
prices established in the tariff and shall supply the Fort
with goods from time to time.
- 11th You may expect a further supply of goods before the closing
in of the winter.
- 12th You will on all occasions trade meat whether you have a
supply or not at the time.
- 13th You will if possible trade 200 Upishemays 25 good riding
saddles 500 cords 200 par flushy sinews &c &c
- 14th As articles are sometimes called for that you have not got
you will keep a memorandum of them so that the deficiency
may be supplied.
- 15th When people come to the Fort you will exercise as much
hospitality as the state of your provisions will admit of
the persons in charge of such parties you will invite to
your own table and take for their refreshment such articles
from the outfit as you deem suitable an account of which you
will keep in order that the Goods left in your charge may be
all accounted for.
- 16th You will divide your men into two messes and appoint a cook
for each, yourself will mess alone and your cook will eat
after you have done this will make two messes of each 5 in
number and yourself and cook in the third
- 17th All hands until the work is done and while strangers are at
the fort will be called at sunrise at other times one hour
afterwards you will have three meals pr day for all hands
- 18th You will avoid as much as possible leaving the Fort yourself
and on no occasion leave less than 6 men in the Fort, and
always on such occasions one man on guard placed on the
highest point of the fort.
- 19th You will keep the store locked up at all times except you
are in it yourself trust to no one but yourself
- 20th You will not allow the men to trade the smallest article
themselves but you will trade for them a reasonable quantity
of leather for their own use but in no case exceed the price
named in the annexed tariff
- 21st As soon as I am gone you will plant some turnips at McKays
horse pen first taking away all the old dung
- 22nd You will from time to time look into the Cash and if you
find it damaging you can remove it to one of the Bastions
- 23rd You will when there is any considerable number of Indians in
the Fort keep two men in each Bastion into which allow no
Indian to go.
- 24th All the Pack and riding saddles which I have here you will
have covered with raw hide and all Harness kept in order
- 25th You will not leave the Fort yourself unless absolutely
necessary but send out men to hunt.
- 26th You will keep all the Firearms which are left with you
except the mens personal arms loaded and in the Bastions and
once a Week you will draw the charges and reload them.
- 27th After other matters are arranged you will make in the place
laid out a Horse Pen large enough for 100 Horses
- 28th You will at convenient time clean the slew of brush and
- 29th You will erect a Privy at the place designated.
- 30th Next spring you will endeavour to obtain young antelope and
Buffaloe of both sexes
- 31st You will sell any or all the Animals I leave here if you can
obtain 25 lb of Beaver for them.
- 32nd You have left with you an account against Antoine Godins and
Messrs Fraeb & I Jervais, in case they come in and pay up
their dues you will credit them to a seasonable
[reasonable?] amt. provided they have no beaver, but if they
have you will require them to hand it over to you for what
they take at the same rates as mentioned in their accounts.
- 32 You will have a flag made of red flannells four yards long
which you will put up at 9 ock. and at 3 ock keeping it up
half an hour each time and only hoist the Am. flag on
- 33rd You will endeavor to fill all the empty keegs with tallow
and have them covered with green hide
- 34th You will not disturb the goods in Cash for Mr. McKay unless
there is danger from water in which case you will make the
safest disposition of them in your power, and you will not
deliver them except to my order or personally to Mr. M.Kay.
- 35th You will assort the powder before trading commences to avoid
the bad appearance that it now makes and you will have a
sufficient quantity of lead moulded for trading.
- 36th You will in trading with the Ind. divide the papers of
vermillion, as they are too large.
- 37th Have all the large cut beads put up in strings so that you
can measure them out in fathoms and then you will trade for
beaver or robes only.
- 38th You will on first arrival of a village of lndians give two
or three of the chiefs a glass of liquor be sure you give
this to none but chiefs of villages and on no other occasion
give any to any other Indian.
For Robes and Beaver give the following articles for Elk skins
and meat the same except the cloths, Blankets axes and large cut
1 Bunch common beads cut
30 Loads Ammunition
20 Loads ammunition 1 Knife
20 Loads ammunition l0 Paper Vermillion
20 Loads Ammunition Bunch small Beads
20 Loads ammunition Small piece Tobacco
20 Loads ammunition 1/2 doz small Buttons
20 Loads ammunition 3 awls
20 loads ammunition gun worm 1 flint
1 Fathom largest cut Beads for Beaver or Robe
1 Common Blanket cost $4.25 for Beaver or Robe
1 Shirt for Beaver or Robe
1/2 yard Blue cloth for Beaver or Robe
1/2 yard Scarlet cloth for Beaver or Robe
Rifle 12 Beaver or Robes Fuzil 8 Beaver or Robe
For Rats or Mink give the following Articles
Viz 2 Flints
1 Gun worm
1 Fish hook
2 Loads Ammunition
1 Fire Steel for 3
4 Bells for one
For good Upishemays, dressed Antelope and dear skins
give ammunition only and trade only for good ones
10 loads ammunition and trade only good ones
5 loads ammunition for cords
12 " " for saddles each
For all unnamed articles fix a price at your own discretion
but purchase none only you are oblidged.
Tariff for the Whites
The prices you will find in the Invoice and marked on the
goods. Of the Whites you will trade only Beaver, Rats & Mink.
Paying them as follows in goods
Viz Beaver $6 pr. large skin or $5 pr lb.
Rats 25 cents
Mink 25 cents
Or cash $3.50 pr lb or $5 pr large skin
Small Beaver in proportion whether paid for in goods