Note: The images and concepts
on this homepage and subsequent pages are copyrighted: copyright
1996 P.S. Neeley, all rights reserved.
. . . And when the last Red
Man shall have perished, and the memory of my tribe shall have
become a myth among the White Man, these shores will swarm with
the invisible dead of my tribe . . . At night when the streets of
your cities and villages are silent and you think them deserted,
they will throng with the returning hosts that once filled them
and still love this beautiful land. The White Man will never be
Let him be just and kindly
with my people, for the dead are not powerless.
(the words of Chief Seattle,
of the Suquamish Tribe, 1786 - 1866)
Tasholiiwe for Windows. A game of the ancient
Southern Utah. Lake Powell's Hall's Creek arm, within sight
of 'civilization' and Bull Frog Marina just across the lake:
A hapless boater takes an afternoon hike to natural bridges
clearly shown on the map just off and up from the lake shore.
Well, a least that -was- the plan . . . but he misses the mark,
and unknowingly veers south up deep into the Water Pocket Fold of
the San Rafael Swell. Midst the deep crevices and slick rock of
'The Fold' he finds the remains of an Anasazi shaman, dead for a
700 years, and discovers that, as Chief Seattle proclaimed,
'the dead are not powerless'.
'Tasholiiwe is Zuni Indian for 'wooden dice', which is also
the name of their version of this game. But this is far from an
exclusively Zuni game. Take a map of the U.S. and divide it
roughly in the middle -- right through the Great Plains --
forming a west and east half. This game, Tasholiiwe, under
various names and forms, was played by many of the tribes
inhabiting the western half of the division from very ancient
times. Its most notable and prominent forms come from the Zuni,
Hopi, Navajo, and Kiowa Apache, but many other tribes had
versions -- the Laguna, the Commanche, the Cheyenne, the Keres,
the Walapai, the Havasupai, the Tigua, the Shoshone, etc., etc.
It is a very ancient, and venerable, game and may be older than
even the Anasazi themselves who surely played it.
Tasholiiwe was used in a religious and ritualistic sense for
divination -- the throw of the sticks was thought to be able to
tell the future -- forecast war or peace, prosperity or famine,
joy or sorrow. It is said that even today, the game is used by
many of the Pueblo tribes to bring rain. Cushing wrote (see Culin
"It is played at such times as a
tribal divination; a forecast for war or peace, for prosperity or
adversity, and is accompanied by tribal hazards and gambling. But
at other times it is played for the determination of peace or
war, of direction or precaution to be taken in defensive or
offensive operations or preparations. As thus played, there must
be four participants. Each possesses his own canes. In the
uppermost room of the pueblo (now fallen), there was formerly a
shrine of the game. Here during terrible sand storms or at night
the players gathered to divine."
This version of Tasholiiwe is an attempt to combine features
of the game as played by many tribes, in many forms, into one
coherent game under the 'guise' of being the Anasazi version. It
is only a guess -- it has characteristics of all of them, but
exactly matches none of them. But, it is a game that surely the
Anasazi would recognize if not claim as their own. I have done
the best I can.
Tasholiiwe was played in the Americas anciently, certainly
before Christ. Now it is here again in the present, recreated
through the magic of electrons and phosphorus, for you to play.
Welcome to a game of the ancient, and modern, Americans -- the
Anasazi, the Navajo, the Apache, the Hopi, the Zuni, and now you!
Download it right from here (tasho.zip
Interested in just the rules and history of the game?
Then download just the Windows Help file if
Note: This program
requires that VBRUN300.DLL exist on you system.
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