Translations of the Breathing Permit of Horus

Opening scene (original drawing of Facsimile 1; five columns reading from right to left)

1. Klaus Baer:

Lines 1-3 give the titles, name, and parentage of the man for whose benefit the Breathing Permit was written:

. . . the prophet of Amonrasonter, prophet [?] of Min Bull-of-his-Mother, prophet [?] of Khons the Governor . . . Hor, justified, son of the holder of the same titles, master of secrets, and purifier of the gods Osorwer, justified [?] . . . Tikhebyt, justified. May your ba live among them, and may you be buried in the West. . . .

. . . Insofar as I can make it out, line 5 reads:

May you give him a good, splendid burial on the West of Thebes just like. . .

(Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 3 [Autumn 1968]:116-17)

2. Dee Jay Nelson:

....... priest of Amon-Ra, King of the Gods, priest of Menu, priest speaker of his mother, priest of Khensu, the Governor .... Hor, who is true of word, son of one who was the same, master of secrets and ceremonial purifier of God Osiris the great one in ...... Tai-Bekat, who is true of word, May thy soul live in the midst of them May you have a burial in the west ..... (May you be given) a good and well built sepulcher on the west of Thebes ..... in the hills of the Righteous.
(In John W. Fitzgerald, Dee Jay Nelson, and H. Michael Marquardt, Discrimination: Is It of God? [Salt Lake City: authors, 1976, photocopy], 80)

3. John Gee [preliminary translation of first three columns]:

[...] Prophet of [Amun]-Re king of the Gods, prophet of Min, ... prophet of Khonsu the first [...] Hor, justified, son of the similary titled, stolites, and priest, Osoroueres, justified, [born of] [...] Taykhebit
(The Ancient Owners of the Joseph Smith Papyri [Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1999], 5)

4. Robert K. Ritner:

["Osiris, the god's father], prophet of Amon-Re, King of the Gods, prophet of Min who slaughters his enemies, prophet of Khonsu, the [one who exercises] authoority in Thebes [...] ... Hor, the justified, son of the similarly titled overseer of secrets and purifier of the god, Osorwer, the justified, born of the [housewife and sistrum-player of] [Amon]-Re, Taikhibit, the justified!

May your ba-spirit live among them, and may you be buried on the west [of Thebes]."

["O Anubis(?), ...] justification(?). [May you give to him] a good and splendid burial on the west of Thebes as on the mountains of Ma[nu](?)."
(Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 33 [Winter 2000]: 104, [published March 2002]). See also Ritner, "'The Breathing Permit of Hor' Among the Joseph Smith Papyri," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 62 (July 2003):169.

5. Michael D. Rhodes:

[The Osiris, God's father] priest of Amon-Re, king of the gods, priest of Min, who massacres his enemies, priest of Khonsu, who is powerful in Thebes. ... Hor, justified, the son of one of like titles, master of the secrets, god's priest, Usirwer, justified, born of [the house wife, the musician of Amon-Re,] Taykhebyt. May your soul live in their midst. May you be buried at the head of the West.... [...] May you give to him beautiful and useful things on the west [of Thebes] like the mountains of Manu.
(The Hor Book of Breathings: A Translation and Commentary [Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, Brigham Young University, 2002], 21, 23)


6. Robert K. Ritner:
(Fragment I)

(I/1) ["Osiris, the god's father], prophet of Amon-Re, King of the Gods, prophet of Min who slaughters his enemies, prophet of Khonsu, the [one who exercises] authority in Thebes, (I/2) [...] ... Hr, the justified, son of the similarly titled overseer of secrets and purifer of the god, Osorwer, the justidied, born by the [housewife and sistrum-player of] (I/3) [Amon]-Re, Taikhibit, the justified! May your ba-spirit live among them, and may you be buried on the west [of Thebes]. (I/4) [O Anubis(?), ...] justification(?). (I/5) [May you give to him] a good and splendid burial on the west of Thebes as on the mountains of Ma[nu].
(The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition Salt Lake City: Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2011, 145, quotation marks omitted)


Wrapping instructions (column 1, previously attached to original of Facsimile 1)
Right side of papyrus, 9 lines of characters

1. Richard A. Parker:

[........] this great pool of Khonsu [Osiris Hor, justified], born of Taykhebyt, a man likewise. After (his) two arms are [fast]ened to his breast, one wraps the Book of Breathings, which is with writing both inside and outside of it, with royal linen, it being placed (at) his left arm near his heart, this having been done at his wrapping and outside it. If this book be recited for him, then he will breath like the soul[s of the gods] for ever and ever.
(Dialogue, A Journal of Mormon Thought 3 [Summer 1968]:98)

2. Dee Jay Nelson:

..... the pool of The Traveler, Khensu..... [Osiris Hor, who is true of word], born of Tai-khebit, who is true of word likewise. After ... seized, the two arms with his heart are wrapped up with the Book of Breathings made by [Isis] and which is with writing on the inside and outside of royal linen. It is placed near and wrapped up on his left side in alignment with his heart. This having been done at his final wrapping for burial. If this book is made for him then he (will) breathe like the soul[s of the gods] for ever and ever.
(The Joseph Smith Papyri, Part 2 [Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1968], 21)

3. Klaus Baer:

Osiris shall be conveyed into the Great Pool of Khons - and likewise Osiris Hor, justified, born to Tikhebyt, justified - after his arms have been placed on his heart and the Breathing Permit (which [Isis] made and has writing on its inside and outside) has been wrapped in royal linen and placed under his left arm near his heart; the rest of his mummy-bandages should be wrapped over it. The man for whom this book has been copied will breathe forever and ever as the bas of the gods do
(Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 3 [Autumn 1968]:119-20)

4. Grant S. Heward:

..... to the pool of great Khensu ...... born to Taykhebyt, justified likewise. After his arms are put over his heart and wrapped, the Book of Breathings, which was made with writing inside and out, is fastened in royal linen at the left side, in alignment with his heart. This is done at his outer wrapping. If this is made for him, then he will breathe like the souls of the gods for ever and ever.
(Published in H. Michael Marquardt, The Book of Abraham Papyrus Found An Answer to Dr. Hugh Nibley's Book "The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment" As it relates to the Source of the Book of Abraham [Salt Lake City: Printed by Author, 1975], 8, 12; republished by Modern Microfilm, 1979; revised ed., 1981, p. 9, 14)

5. Hugh Nibley [word for word translation]:

inside (of) the lake great (of) Chonsu born of Taykhebyt justified likewise after clasp - ed (two) arms his upon breast his being as wrap - ped like a book (or roll ...); the Book of Breathings ... being written according-to-what is ... in (the sacred) writing (books) on both inside and outside in linen (of) the king One places (or is placed) arm left his vicinity of heart his, having-been-done this for his wrapping on (the) side outer Id makes one for him book this, then breathes he like souls (of the) gods for time and eternity
(The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1975], 19-23)

6. Robert K. Ritner:

[Osiris shall be towed in] to the great lake of Khonsu, and likewise [the Osiris Hor, the justified,] born of Taikhibit, the justified, after his two arms have been [placed] at his heart, while the Breathing Document, being what is written on its interior and exterior, shall be wrapped in royal linen and placed (under) his left arm in the midst of his heart. The remainder of his wrapping shall be made over it. As for the one for whom this book is made he thus breathes like the ba-spirit[s] of the gods, forever and ever.
(Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 33 [Winter 2000]:105, [published March 2002]). See also Ritner, "'The Breathing Permit of Hor' Among the Joseph Smith Papyri," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 62 (July 2003):169-70.

7. Michael D. Rhodes:

[Ositis shall be brought in] to the great pool of Khonsu, and likewise [the Osiris Hor, justified] born of Taykhebyt, justified, after his two hands have been clasped to his heart. The Document of Breathing which <Isis> shall (also) be buried, which is written on both the inside and outside of it, (wrapped) in royal linen, being placed <under> his left arm near his heart, while the bearer of his coffin works on its outside. If this book is made for him, then he will breathe like the souls of the gods forever and ever.
(The Hor Book of Breathings: A Translation and Commentary [Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, Brigham Young University, 2002], 27-28)

8. Robert K. Ritner:

(Fragment XI.1)
[(II/1) Osiris shall be towed in]to the great lake of Khonsu, (II/2) and likewise [the Osiris Hr, the justified,] born of Taikhibit,the justified, (II/3) after his two arms have been [placed] at his heart, while (II/4) the Breathing Document, being what (II/5) is written on its interior and exterior, shall be wrapped in royal linen and placed (under) his left arm at the midpoint of his heart. The remainder of his (II/7) wrapping shall be made over it. As for the one for whom this book is made, (II/8) he thus breathes like the ba-spirit[s] of the gods, forever and (II/9) ever.
The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition, Salt Lake City: Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2011, 145)


Ending scene (printed Facsimile 3)

1.Klaus Baer:

As far as it can be made out, the lines of hieroglyphs below the scene reads:

O gods of . . . , gods of the Caverns, gods of the south, north, west, and east, grant well-being to Osiris Hor, justified. . . .

The characters above and to the left of the man [Figure 5] are probably to be read: "Osiris Hor, justified forever."
(Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 3 [Autumn 1968]:127)

2. Dee Jay Nelson:

Bottom line [below illustration; This line reads from left to right.]:

"Hail Gods....Cave Gods, Chief of the Hall of the Gods of the south, north, west and east, give vitality to Osiris Hor, who is true of word, (He) makes.....invocations (to thee)." [page 21]

[Another rendition: "Hail Gods....Cave Gods, Chief of the Divine Hall of the south, north, west and east, give vitality to Osiris Hor, who is true of word, (He) makes invocations (to thee)." (page 28)]

To the right of Isis [Figure 2 of Facsimile 3]:

"... Mother of the Gods"

To the right of Osiris [Figure 1 of Facsimile 3]:

"Thou art established, Osiris Hor, in the presence of his great throne."

To the left of Maat [Figure 4 of Facsimile 3]:

Maat; Sayeth Osiris, Chief of Amentt (Western land of the Dead).

In front of the deceased [Figure 5 of Facsimile 3]:

"Osiris Hor, who is true of word (justified) eternally."

In front of Anubis [Figure 6 of Facsimile 3]:

Sayeth Anubis....Lord of Heaven, ...
(A Translation & Study of Facsimile No. 3 In The Book of Abraham [Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1969], 21)

3. Robert K. Ritner:

Label for Osiris (Fig[ure]. 1 of Facsimile 3):

Recitation by Osiris, Foremost of the Westerners, Lord of Abydos(?), the great god forever and ever(?).

Label for Isis (Fig[ure]. 2 of Facsimile 3):

Isis the great, the god's mother.

Label for Maat (Fig[ure]. 4 of Facsimile 3):

Maat, mistress of the gods.

Label for Hor (Fig[ure]. 5 of Facsimile 3):

The Osiris Hor, justified forever.

Label for Anubis (Fig[ure]. 6 of Facsimile 3):

Recitation by Anubis, who makes protection(?), foremost of the embalming booth, ....

Invocation [below illustration; This line reads from left to right.]:

O gods of the necropolis, gods of the caverns, gods of the south, north, west and east, grant salvation to the Osiris Hor, the justified, born by Taikhibiy.
(Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 33 [Winter 2000], 114-15, [published March 2002]). See also Ritner, "'The Breathing Permit of Hor' Among the Joseph Smith Papyri," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 62 (July 2003):176-77.

4. Michael D. Rhodes:

Bottom line [below illustration; This line reads from left to right.]:

The gods of the West, the gods of the caverns, the gods of the south, north, west, and east say: May Osiris Hor, justified, born of Taykhebyt, prosper.

To the right of Isis [Figure 2 of Facsimile 3]:

The great Isis, mother of the god.

To the right of Osiris [Figure 1 of Facsimile 3]:

Words spoken by Osiris, the Foremost of the Westerners: May you, Osiris Hor, abide at the side of the throne of his greatness.

To the left of Maat [Figure 4 of Facsimile 3]:

Maat, Lady of the West.

In front of the deceased [Figure 5 of Facsimile 3]:

Osiris Hor, the justified forever.

In front of Anubis [Figure 6 of Facsimile 3]:

Words spoken by Anubis who make protection Lord of heaven, Foremost of the Westerners.
(The Hor Book of Breathings: A Translation and Commentary [Provo, Utah: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, Brigham Young University, 2002], 25)

5. Robert K. Ritner:
Concluding Vignette, Col. VIII
(Preserved only as Facsimile 3)

Label for Osiris: (VIII/1) Recitation by Osiris, Foremost of the Westerners, (VIII/2) Lord of Abydos(?), the great god (VIII/3) forever and ever(?).

Label for Isis: (VIII/4) Isis the great, the god's mother.

Label for Maat: (VIII/5) Maat, mistress of the gods.

Label for Hr: (VIII/6) The Osiris Hr, (VIII/7) justified forever.

Label for Anubis: (VIII/8) Recitation by Anubis, who makes protection(?), (VIII/9) foremost of the embalming booth(?) (VIII/10) ...

Invocation below scene: (VIII/11) O gods of the necropolis, gods of the caverns, gods of the south, north, west and east, grant salvation to the Osiris Hr, the justified, born by Taikhibit.
The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition, Salt Lake City: Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2011, 149, quotation marks omitted)


The latest book on this topic is Robert K. Ritner, The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition. Salt Lake City: Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2011. Limited edition. Also in paperback edition, The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 2013.

The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition by Robert K. Ritner. This is a pdf file.


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