Pioneer Bibliography

A fine Mormon Migration bibliography has been created at BYU.

Mormons and their Neighbors by Marvin E. Wiggins has been put online at BYU. Search over 100,000 biographical references to Mormon Pioneers and leaders.

Periodical Articles compiled by Mel Bashore
Source: Mormon History Association Newsletter #107 (October 1997) and #108 (January 1998) 

Allen, James B. and George D. Smith, "Editing William Clayton and the Politics of Mormon History," Dialogue 30, no. 2 (summer 1997): 129-56.

Bagley, Will, "Brannan Before the Brooklyn," Ship Brooklyn Association[Newsletter] 1, no. 2 (March 1997): 3-4.

Banks, Leo W., "They [Mormon Battalion] Conquered the Wilderness," Arizona Highways 73, no. 8 (August 1997): 4-11.

Bashore, Melvin L. and Fred E. Woods, "Consigned to a Distant Prison: Idaho Mormons in the South Dakota Penitentiary," South Dakota History 27, nos. 1-2 (spring/summer 1997): 21-40.

Bennett, Richard E., "Winter Quarters: Church Headquarters, 1846-1848," Ensign(September 1997): 42-53.

Carmack, Noel A., "`The Yellow Ochre Club': B. F. Larsen and the Pioneer Trail Art Tour, 1936," Utah Historical Quarterly 65, no. 2 (spring 1997): 134-54.

Dixon, W. Randall, "From Emigration Canyon to City Creek: Pioneer Trail and Campsites in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847," Utah Historical Quarterly 65, no. 2 (spring 1997): 155-64.

Embry, Jessie L., "From Mormon Village to Colony: A History of Wasatch County," Encyclia 72 (1995): 53-67.

Enders, Donald L., "Cove Fort: An Oasis in Central Utah," Utah Preservation 1 [1997]: 36-45.

Hamblin, Joan S., "Voyage of the `Brooklyn,'" Ensign (July 1997): 16-19.

Hartley, William G., "Gathering the Dispersed Nauvoo Saints, 1847-1852," Ensign (July1997): 12-29.

____. "On the Trail in August," Ensign (August 1997): 48-49.

____. "On the Trail in June," Ensign (June 1997): 44-45.

____. "On the Trail in September," Ensign (September 1997): 40-41.

____. "The Pioneer Trek: Nauvoo to Winter Quarters," Ensign (June 1997): 31-43.

Homer, Michael W., "The Judiciary and the Common Law in Utah: A Centennial Celebration," Utah Bar Journal 9, no. 7 (Aug-Sep 1996): 13-17.

Israelson, L. Dwight, "Economic Depression, Tithepaying, and the Mormon Debt Crisis of the 1890s," Encyclia 72 (1995): 191-200.

Justesen, Elaine, "Mormon Battalion Company B," Genealogical Journal 25, no.2 (1997): 78-84.

Lewis, David, "That Lengthening Shadow: Celebrating the Sesquicentennial," Salt Lake City (July-August 1997): 36-40.

Larson, Stan, "Henry D. Moyle: A Chapter from Richard D. Poll's Unpublished Biography," Dialogue 30, no. 2 (summer 1997): 35-48.

Moulton, Candy, "The Mormon Trail," Old West 34, no. 1 (fall 1997): 23-25.

Peterson, Paul H., "They Came by Handcart," Ensign (August 1997): 30-37.

Reynolds, Amy, "Martha Jane Knowlton Coray: A Woman of Faith and Intellect," Brigham Young Magazine 51, no. 3 (fall 1997): 55-56.

Ricketts, Norma B., "The Forgotten Pioneers [1847 Mississippi Saints], Part I," Crossroads [Utah chapter newsletter, Oregon-California Trails Assoc.], 8, no. 2 & 3 (spring-summer 1997): 5-10.

Sauder, Robert A., "State v. Society: Public Land Law and Mormon Settlement in the Sevier Valley, Utah," Agricultural History 70, no. 1 (winter 1996): 57-89.

Slaughter, William W. and Michael Landon, "Raising Saints: The Continuing Significance of the Mormon Trail," Brigham Young Magazine 51, no.3 (fall 1997): 36-43.

Smith, Brian L., "A Book of Abraham Research Update," Religious Studies Center Newsletter 11, no. 2 (May 1997): 5-8.

Thatcher, Linda, "Ruth May Fox: Forgotten Suffragist," Mormon Women`s Forum7, no. 1-2 (spring-summer 1996): 18,22.

Tullis, F. LaMond, "Los Primeros: Mexico's Pioneer Saints," Ensign (July 1997):46-51.

Upton, Larry T. and Larry D. Ball, "Who Robbed Major Wham? Facts and Folklore behind Arizona's Great Paymaster Robbery," Journal of Arizona History 38, no. 2 (summer 1997): 99-134.

Books - compiled by Doug Cahoon

Benjamin F. Johnson: Friend to the Prophets. F. Dale LeBaron (Provo, UT: Grandin Book Company,1997. 248 pp., $29.95)

Chronicles of Faith: Stories of the Mormon Pioneers. David T. Kenison (Orem, UT: LDS­Gems,1997. 324 pp., $16.95)

Covered Wagon Women: Diaries& Letters from the Western Trails. 1840­1849. Kenneth L. Holmes, editor (Lincoln, NE: U of NE Press, 1996. 280 pp., $12.00)

Covered Wagon Women: Diaries& Letters from the Western Trails. 1851. Kenneth L. Holmes, editor(Lincoln, NE: U of NE Press, 1996. 291 pp., $13.00)

Emigrating Journals of The Willie and Martin Handcart Companies and the Hunt and Hodgett Wagon Trains. Lynne Slater Turner (Taylorsville, UT: 1996. 230 pp., $21.95)

Encyclopedia of the American West. Charles Phillips and Alan Axelrod, editors (NY, NY: Simon and Schuster Macmillan, 1996. 4 vols. 1,935 pp., $375.00)

Gathering in Time: Utah Quilts and Their Makers, Settlement to 1950. Kae Covington with historical introduction by Dean L. May (SLC, UT: U of U Press, 1997. 154 pp., $24.95)

Journey To Zion: Voices From The Mormon Trail. Carol Cornwall Madsen (SLC, UT: Deseret Book,1997. 750 pp., $25.95)

LDS Collectors Library '97 CD­ROM (Provo, UT: Infobases, 1997. $129.95) Contains more than 1,400 doctrinal and historical LDS works.

LDS Emigrant Roster and Voyage History, 1840-1869 CD-ROM,, Grant Davis, comp (Grant Davis, Your Ship, P.O. Box 11784, SLC, UT 84147-0784; $19.95)

Missing Stories: An Oral History of Ethnic and Minority Groups in Utah. Leslie G. Kelen and Eileen Hallet Stone, eds. (SLC, UT: U of U Press, 1996. 512 pp., $39.95)

Mormon Midwife: The 1846­1888 Diaries of Patty Bartlett Sessions. Donna Toland Smart, ed (Logan, UT: USU Press, 1997. 457 pp., $29.95)

My Continuing Quest: Sociological Perspectives on Mormonism. by Ray R. Canning, Stan Larson, ed (SLC, UT: Freethinker Press, 1996. 147 pp., $12.95)

Nauvoo. John Telford, Susan Easton Black and Kim C. Averett (SLC, UT: Deseret Book, 1997.100 pp., $34.95)

Saint Behind Enemy Lines. Olga Kovarova Campora (SLC, UT: Deseret Book, 1997. 248 pp., $15.95)

Seven Trails West. Arthur King Peters (NY, NY: Abbeville Press, 1996. 252 pp., $39.95)

The Mormon Battalion: The Lord's Faithful. Robert O. Day (Oviedo, FL: Day To Day Enterprises, 1996. 347 pp., $24.95)

The Mormon Pioneer Trail: MTA 1997 Official Guide. Stanley B. Kimball (SLC, UT: Mormon Trails Association, 1997. 46 pp.,$6.00)

The Pioneer Camp of the Saints: The 1846 and 1847 Mormon Trail Journals of Thomas Bullock. Will Bagley, editor (Spokane, WA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1997.396 pp., (three editions; series edition $39.50)

The Pioneer Heritage CD­ROM(Orem, UT: Ancestry, 1997. $39.95) This CD­ROM contains multiple volumes including Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah, Latter­day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia (4 vols.), DUP titles: Our Pioneer Heritage (20 vols.), Heart Throbs of the West (12 vols.), Treasures of Pioneer History (6 vols.) An Enduring Legacy (12 vols.), Indices to Pioneer Resources, Histories and Early Periodicals, etc.

Trail of Hope: The Story of the Mormon Trail. William W. Slaughter and Michael Landon (SLC, UT: Shadow Mountain, 1997. 240 pp., $34.95)

Utah Trivia. Allen Kent Powell and Miriam B. Murphy, comp. (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1997. 192 pp., $6.95)

A History of Cache County. F. Ross Peterson (SLC: USHS and Cache County Council, 1997. 388 pp., $19.96)

A History of Carbon County. Ronald G. Watt (SLC: USH S and Carbon County Commission, 1997. 417 pp., $19.96)

A History of Weber County. Richard C. Roberts and Richard W. Sadler (SLC: USHS and Weber County Commission, 1997. 460 pp., $19.96)

Archaeological Reconnaissance of a Caldwell County, Missouri, Log House. Paul D. DeBarthe, David Coit, and Haumana DeBarthe (Independence, MO: MMFF, 1997. 23 pp., $10.00)

Best Loved Stories of the LDS People. Jack M. Lyon, Linda Ririe Gundry and Jay A. Parry, eds. (SLC: Deseret Book Co, 1997. 472 pp., $23.95)

Desert Between the Mountains: Mormons, Miners, Padres, Mountain Men, and the Opening of The Great Basin, 1772-1869. Michael S. Durham (NY: Henry Holt, 1997. 336 pp., $30.00)

Early Jackson County, Missouri: The "Mormon" Settlement on the Big Blue River. Ronald E. Romig (Independence, MO: MMFF, 1996. 34 pp., $7.50)

Hill Country. Richard Zelade (Houston: Gulf Publ Co, 1997. 635 pp., $18.95)

Legends of the American Desert: Sojourns in the Greater Southwest. Alex Shoumatoff (NY: Alfred A. Knoff, 1997. 533 pp., $30.00)

In the World: The Diaries of Reed Smoot. Harvard S. Heath, ed. (SLC: Signature Books, 1997. 850 pp., $100.00)

Mahonri Young: His Life and Art. Thomas E. Toone (SLC: Signature Books, 1997. 200 pp., $75.00)

Mormons on the Internet: Online Resources for Latter-day Saints. (Rocklin, CA: Prima Publ, 1997. 345 pp., $18.00)

Mormon Sisters: Women in Early Utah. Claudia L. Bushman, ed. (Logan: USU Press, 1997. 297 pp., $17.95)

News of the Plains and Rockies, 1803-1865. Volume 3: Missionaries, Mormons, 1821-1864, Indian Agents, Captives, 1832-1865. David A. White (Spokane: Arthur H. Clark Co, 1997. 495 pp., $50.00)

Saints Find The Place: A Day-By-Day Pioneer Experience Winter Quarters to The Salt Lake Valley, Volume 3. David R. Crockett (Tucson: LDS Gems Press, 1997. 449 pp., $20.00) All three volumes in LDS-Gems Pioneer Trek series, $50.00.

Symbols in Stone: Symbolism on the Early Temples of the Restoration. Paul Thomas Smith and Matthew B. Brown (American Fork: Covenant, 1997. 194 pp., $19.95)

The Graceland College Book of Knowledge. David Goehner (Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1997. 450 pp., $29.95)

The Great Trek: New Footsteps on the Old Mormon Trail. (SLC: Deseret News, 1997. 123 pp., $9.95)

We'll Find The Place: The Mormon Exodus, 1846-1848. Richard E. Bennett (SLC: Deseret Book Co, 1997. 428 pp., $19.95)

From Into the Western Country Web page:

Mormon Pioneering Journeys: A Selected Bibliographical
Guide to the Nineteenth-Century Experience

I. The Mormon Trail: Bibliographies, Atlases, and Guides to Ocean and Overland Travel

Allen, James B. and Glen M. Leonard. The Story of the Latter-day Saints 2nd ed. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1992).
Brown, S. Kent, Donald Q. Cannon and Richard H. Jackson, eds. Historical Atlas of Mormonism (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994).
Contains a variety of maps relating to Mormon migration; especially valuable is Map #37: "Mormon Settlements in the Middle Missouri River Valley" prepared from research by Gail G. Holmes.



Hill, William E. The Mormon Trail, Yesterday and Today (Logan: Utah State University Press, 1996).
Kimball, Stanley B. Mormon Battalion on the Santa Fe Trail in 1846: An Analysis of Mormon Battalion Trail Accounts (Santa Fe, NM: U.S. National Park Service, 1996).
________. "Mormon Emigration Trails," in Mormon Americana, A Guide to Source and Collections in the United States ed. David J. Whittaker (Provo: Brigham Young University Studies Monograph Series, 1995), pp. 407-436.
Best single guide to the sources, publications and trail organizations.



________. Discovering Mormon Trails (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1979).
________. Historic Sites and Markers along the Mormon and Other Great Western Trails (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988).
________. Historic Resource Study: Mormon Pioneer National Historical Trail (Denver, CO: National Park Service, 1991).
Ludlow, Daniel H. Editor-in-Chief, The Encyclopedia of Mormonism, 4 volumes (New York: Macmillan, 1992).
Includes a number of entries with maps and statistical information on all aspects of Mormon migration.



Roberts, Brigham H. A Comprehensive History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints, Century I 6 Volumes (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1930), 3:1-381.
Sonne, Conway B. Saints on the Seas: A Maritime History of Mormon Migration, 1830 90 (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1983).
________. Ships, Saints, and Mariners: A Maritime Encyclopedia of Mormon Migration, 1830-1890 (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1987).
II. The Context: The American Westward Movement
Billington, Ray Allen, and Martin Ridge. Westward Expansion, A History of the American Frontier 5th ed. (New York: Macmillan, 1982).
DeVoto, Bernard. The Year of Decision, 1846 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943).
Goetzmann, William H. Army Exploration in the American West: 1803-1863 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979).
________. Exploration and Empire, The Explorer and the Scientist in the Winning of the American West (New York: Knopf, 1966).
Hafen, LeRoy R., W. Eugene Hollon and Carl Coke Rister, Western America, The Exploration, Settlement, and Development of the Region beyond the Mississippi 3rd ed. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1970).
Jackson, W. Turrentine. Wagon Roads West: A Study of Federal Surveys and Construction in the Trans-Mississippi West, 1846-1869 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979).
Lass, William E. From the Missouri to the Great Salt Lake: An Account of Overland Freighting (Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, 1972).
Mattes, Merrill J. The Great Platte River Road: The Covered Wagon Mainline via Fort Kearney to Fort Laramie (1969; Reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1987).
Myers, Sandra . Westering Women and the Frontier Experience, 1800-1915 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1982).
Milner II, Clyde A., Carol A. O'Connor and Martha A. Sandweiss, eds. The Oxford History of the American West (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).
Paden, Irene D. The Wake of the Prairie Schooner (New York: MacMillan, 1944).
Paul, Rodman W. Mining Frontiers of the Far West, 1848-1880 (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963).
Reid, John Phillip. Law for the Elephant, Property and Social Behavior on the Overland Trail (San Marino, CA: The Huntington Library, 1980).
Unruh, Jr., John D. The Plains Across: The Overland Emigrants and the Trans Mississippi West, 1840-60 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979).
Very useful study.
West, Elliott. Growing Up with the Country, Childhood on the Far Western Frontier (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1989).
White, Richard. "It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own": A New History of the American West (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991).
Winther, Oscar Osburn. The Transportation Frontier: Trans-Mississippi West, 1865-1890 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1974).

III. Histories of Mormon Migration

A. Causes and Consequences
Christian, Lewis Clark. "A Study of Mormon Knowledge of the American Far West prior to the Exodus (1820-February, 1846)," (Master's thesis, BYU, 1972).
________. "A Study of the Mormon Westward Migration between February 1846 and July 1847: With Emphasis on and Evaluation of the Factors that Led to the Mormons' Choice of Salt Lake Valley as the Site of Their Initial Colony," (Ph.D. diss., BYU, 1976).
________. "Mormon Foreknowledge of the West," BYU Studies 21 (Fall 1981):403-415.
Esplin, Ronald K. "'A Place Prepared': Joseph, Brigham and the Quest for a Refuge in the West," Journal of Mormon History 9 (1982):85-111.
See also Esplin, "A 'Place Prepared' in the Rockies," Ensign 18 (July 1988):6-13.
________. "The Significance of Nauvoo for Latter-day Saints," Journal of Mormon History 16 (1990):71-86.
Hartley, William G. "Coming to Zion: Saga of the Gathering," Ensign 5 (July 1975):14-18.
Kimball, Stanley B. "Nauvoo West: The Mormons of the Iowa Shore," BYU Studies 18 (Winter 1978):132-42.
Lyon, T. Edgar. "Some Uncommon Aspects of the Mormon Migration," Improvement Era 71 (September 1969):33-40.
Mulder, William. "Mormonism's 'Gathering': An American Doctrine with a Difference," Church History 23 (September 1954):248-64.

B. Nauvoo to Winter Quarters
C. Mormon Battalion
D. Winter Quarters to the Salt Lake Valley
E. Later Migrations
IV. Diaries and Autobiographies
A. Bibliographies and Guides
B. Selected Published Journals/Diaries

V. Miscellaneous References


A. Contemporary Works

B. Visual/Photographic Accounts
C. Miscellaneous Topics

Book Notices and Articles 
by Doug Cahoon and Mel Bashore
from the Mormon History Association Fall 2000 Newsletter


Brigham Young: Images of a Mormon Prophet. Richard Neitzel Holzapfel and R.Q. Shupe (SLC: Eagle Gate, 2000. 320 pp., $39.95)

Contemplations of a Convert. Kenneth Johnson (SLC: Deseret Book, 2000. 248 pp., $21.95)

Early Mormon Documents, Volume 3. Dan Vogel, ed (SLC: Signature Books, 2000, 547 pp., $44.95.)

Homeward to Zion: The Mormon Migration from Scandinavia. William Mulder (Minneapolis: U of MN, 2000. 376 pp., $16.95) 

Maps of the California Trail . Gregory M. Franzwa (Tucson: The Patrice Press, 1999. 287 pp., $29.95)

The Gathering Place: An Illustrated History of Salt Lake City. John S. McCormick (SLC: Signature Books, 2000. 250 pp., $39.95)

The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History, Vol. 3, Transcontinental America , 1850-1915. D.W. Meinig (New Haven and London: Yale U Press, 1998. 473 pp., $50.00)

Worth Their Salt Too: More Notable but Often Unnoted Women of Utah. Colleen Whitley, ed (Logan: USU Press, 2000. 336 pp., $39.95)


A City of Refuge: Quincy, Illinois. Susan Easton Black and Richard E. Bennett, eds. (SLC: Millennial Press, 2000. 352 pp., $14.95)

A History of the Latter-day Saints in Northern Missouri from 1836 to 1839. Leland Homer Gentry (Provo: JFS Institute for LDS History and BYU Studies, 2000. 271 pp., $19.95.)

Army Of Israel: Mormon Battalion Narratives. David L. Bigler and Will Bagley, eds. (Logan: USU Press, 2000. 492 pp., $24.95) 

Five Hundred Wagons Stood Still: Mormon Battalion Wives. Shirley N. Maynes (Sandy, UT: 1999. 558 pp., $23.95)

I Sailed to Zion: True Stories of Young Pioneers Who Crossed the Oceans. Susan Arrington Madsen and Fred E. Woods (SLC: Deseret Book, 2000. 192 pp., $17.95)

John Murdock: His Life and His Legacy. S. Reed Murdock (Layton, UT: Summerwood Publishers, 2000. 337 pp., $23.95)

Nothing Like It In The World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad, 1860-1869. Stephen Ambrose (NYC: Simon & Schuster, 2000. 431 pp., $28.00)

Something in the Soil: Legacies and Reckonings in the New West. Limerick, Patricia (NYC: W.W. Norton & Company, 2000. 384 pp., $ 27.95) 

The Gathering Place: An Illustrated History of Salt Lake City. John S. McCormick (SLC: Signature Books, 2000. 290 pp., $39.95.)

Wend your way: a guide to sites along the Iowa Mormon Trail. L. Matthew Chatterley. (Ames: ISU Press, 2000. 99 pp., $11.95)

Selected Periodical Articles


Miles, Don H., "Pioneer Treasures of the Hyrum Smith Family," Pioneer (spring 2000): 17-21.

Palmer, Rosemary G., "Some Must Push, Some Must Pull," Overland Journal 18, no. 1 (spring 2000): 12-14.

Parson, Robert, "Seeps, Springs, and Boggs: The Changing Historic Landscape of Smithfield," Utah Historical Quarterly 68, no. 1 (winter 2000): 38-54.

Smith, Craig S., "Wyoming, Nebraska Territory: Joseph W. Young and the Mormon Emigration of 1864," BYU Studies 39, no. 1(2000): 30-51.

Tortorich, Frank Jr., "The Opening of the Carson River Route: An Essay," Overland Journal 18, no. 1 (spring 2000): 20-24.

Walker, Newell R., "They Walked 1,300 Miles," Ensign (July 2000): 44-49.

Ward, Maurine Carr, "Sources of Mormon History in Illinois 1839-48: An Annotated Catalog of the Microfilm Collection at Southern Illinois University," Nauvoo Journal 11, no. 2 (1000): 93-124.

Woods, Fred E., "East to West through North and South: Mormon Immigration during the Civil War," BYU Studies 39, no. 1 (2000): 6-29.

Woods, Fred E., "Gathering to Nauvoo: Mormon Immigration 1840-1846," Nauvoo Journal 11, no. 2 (1999): 43-63.

Woods, Fred E. "Stories of America and the Sea: 'On Board the International, All Joyful and Lighthearted," Log of Mystic Seaport 51, no. 1 (summer 1999): 23-25.

Fall Bennion, Sherilyn Cox, The Press on Wheels Meets the Mormons, Utah Historical Quarterly 68, no. 2 (spring 2000): 112-24. 

Erekson, Keith A. and Lloyd D. Newell, A Gathering Place for the Scandinavian People: Conversion, Retention, and Gathering in Norway, Illinois (1842-1849), Mormon Historical Studies 1, no. 1 (spring 2000): 21-36. 

Hartley, William G., Howard Egan, the Elkhorn Skirmish, and Mormon Trail Emigration in 1848, Mormon Historical Studies 1, no. 1 (spring 2000): 37-59.

Lund, Jennifer L., Pleasing to the Eyes of an Exile: The Latter-day Saint Sojourn at Winter Quarters, 1846-1848, BYU Studies 39, no. 2 (2000): 112-43. 

Perkins, Eugene H. and Waldo C. Perkins, A Room of Round Logs with a Dirt Roof: Ute Perkins Stewardship to Look after Mormon Battalion Families, Mormon Historical Studies 1, no. 1 (spring 2000): 61-72. 

Sturgeon, Stephen C., Mormon Manuscript Materials in Utah State University's Special Collections and Archives, Mormon Historical Studies 1, no. 1 (Spring 2000): 137-42. 

Woods, Fred E.,A. Norfolk and the Mormon Folk: Latter-day Saint Immigration through Old Dominion (1887-90), Mormon Historical Studies 1, no. 1 (Spring 2000): 73-91. 

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